According to the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, “a Crown Land Patent is a document that is used to transfer Crown land into private ownership, subject to any reservations or conditions that the patent may contain”. The information contained in a Crown Land Patent can include: the name of the original purchaser of the land, the price of that purchase, a description of the granted land, the patent date as well as any conditions or rights attached to the patent at the time it was issued. These patents can also describe any rights attached to the land in question of which the existing property owner may not be aware. The first Crown Land Patents were issued in the 1790’s and are still used to this day to transfer Crown land to private ownership. Liz Marshall, a member of the Canadian Justice Review Board and a researcher for the Ontario Landowners Association, describes these documents as “binding contracts that overrule legislation”. Although many land owners are unaware of their existence, Ms. Marshall suggests that “there are court cases upon court cases that indicate they stand up in court”. Crown Land Patents outline the breadth of an owner’s property rights including such items as water ways, mineral and lumber rights to name a few. It all depends on what is stipulated in the patent at the time it was issued. Some lawyers do not agree that the rights of property owners trump the constitutional rights of a province including the enactment of legislation that may impact on those rights. They maintain that there is only one supreme law in Canada — the Canadian Constitution. Under the Constitution the provinces are given the right to pass laws which affect property and any rights attached to that property. According to that position the Constitution does not guarantee private property rights including those rights issued under Crown Land Patents.